Both terms each describe part of the process: 1. For short print runs you'll generally want to use digital printing, unless you really need the quality edge of litho printing. Copyright © 2019-present Aura Print Ltd. All rights reserved. Offset printing, also called offset lithography, or litho-offset, in commercial printing, widely used printing technique in which the inked image on a printing plate is printed on a rubber cylinder and then transferred (i.e., offset) to paper or other material. The flexographic printing process is highly automated once it has begun. Offset lithography is the most common high volume commercial printing technology. Compared to other printing methods, offset printing is best suited for economically producing large volumes of high quality prints in a manner that requires little maintenance. Huddersfield Town Top Trumps: How These Playing Cards Are Made, learn more about litho and digital printing here. Cheaper low volume printing. Offset lithography for printing on paper was invented by Ira Washington Rubel in 1901. More accurate counts, less waste and fewer variations, due to not having to balance ink and water during press run. There are some artists who still use lithography for its high quality, but most avoid it because of the many disadvantages. The lithographic process is based on the repulsion of oil and water. offset lithography definition: 1. a method of printing in which an image is put on a rubber sheet before going on to the paper or…. Duplicating machines or duplicators are used for preparing circulars, price lists, reports, office forms etc., with speed and accuracy. Duplicating differ from copying and reproduction. Offset lithography is the most widely used printing method for commercial printing, newspapers, books, and magazines. Many modern offset presses use computer to plate systems as opposed to the older computer to film work flows, which further increases their quality. Digital or litho print – which should I choose? Lithography is a printing process in which the image area and the non-image area co-exist on the same plane. Once the machine starts running, the printing process is very quick. Shorter turnaround. If you go digital, you'll take a hit on cost and ultimate quality. Duplicating is followed when the number of copies required is more than the capacity of the typewriter. The printing medium will also affect the type of printing you use. Offset printing, also called offset lithography, is a method of mass-production printing in which the images on metal plates are transferred (offset) to rubber blankets or rollers and then to the print media. This really comes down to the vast differences in how their respective print hardware actually works – with litho printing involving a wet ink process, and digital printing involving a dry toner process. Because of the flexibility of the rubber cylinder, offset lithography can be used to print on tin, wood, cloth, leather, and rough or smooth paper. Litho has a setup charge but a low cost per print. Offset lithography with careful color management and good quality paper is capable of excellent quality (think National Geographic). Pro: Ideal for large or commercial-scale print runs with a need for consistency. Duplicating is a process in which the desired number of copies is prepared from a master copy with the help of a duplicator. Toner and developer providing offset lithography print quality . The lithos were and are still considered to be works of fine art in their own right. The full name of the offset printing process is offset lithography. Disadvantages The process is not practical for small quantities because of … Lithography was invented by Alois Senefelder in Germany in 1796 (See Additional Resources Below). - Colour variation due to water/ink mixture - Paper can stretch from dampening - Set-up costs make it uneconomic in short runs - Can only be used on flat materials - Requires a good quality surface. The printing is from a stone (lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a smooth surface.It was invented in 1796 by German author and actor Alois Senefelder as a cheap method of publishing theatrical works. While the quality of prints produced through lithography are generally high, they cannot compare with prints produced via rotogravure or photogravure printing. Digital print has no setup cost, but a high cost per print. The image to be printed gets ink from ink rollers, while the non printing area attracts a film of water, keeping the non printing areas ink-free. The surface of the plate is coated with fast-drying ink. Compared with reproductions, it isn't a medium well suited for high production (See Additional Resources Below). The rubber cylinder gives great flexibility, permitting printing on wood, cloth, metal, leather, and rough paper. Offset lithography creates clear, smooth, sharp images and text on a variety of materials. Lithography Disadvantages Lithography was once the choice of many great artists as a method of reproducing quality images or copies of their work. Litho printing uses rubber rollers which transfer the ink from the metal plates to the paper. Copying or reproduction means preparation of one copy or few copies from the original. acquired in-between. Here are the five different flexography advantages and disadvantages: 1. 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