[303], The parbuckling was a major media operation, and the righting was well documented in video and photographs. During this time, work also began to remove the vessel in what was the largest maritime salvage operation in history. Site inspections of the ship and its position; Securing of the wreck to ensure on-going safety and stability; Installation of sponsons on the starboard side of the ship; Sponsons are dewatered to raise the ship from the bottom; Ship delivered to an Italian port for processing according to regulations; Secure the hull to the land using steel cables, to stop it falling deeper, Build a horizontal underwater platform below the ship, Bring the hull to vertical, by winching (or, Costa Concordia: Salvaging a shipwreck (16 December 2012 8:03 PM). On the right are the port side sponsons. In February 2015 Schettino was convicted on all charges and sentenced to more than 16 years in prison. [172] The salvage operation, using the port of Civitavecchia as its base was anticipated to begin in early May, take about 12 months[173][174] and cost $300 million. [69] Some are Italians (including the captain and all the officers),[230][231] but 202 Indians and 296 Filipinos made up approximately half of the personnel. That became its standard route. [34], Schettino said that, before approaching the island, he turned off the alarm system for the ship's computer navigation system. [296], In an action some parliamentarians said was a reaction to the wrecking of Costa Concordia, the Italian government withdrew proposed legislation that would have reduced current restrictions on mineral exploration and production. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Four specialists were ordered to review the VDR data and relate their conclusions at a 21 July 2012 hearing. [264], On 11 February, TG5 broadcast a video of the commotion on the bridge following the collision. During this time, a panicked passenger contacted her daughter in Italy, and the Italian coast guard called the Concordia at about 10:14 pm. [80][81], At 01:04, an Air Force officer who was lowered on board by helicopter reported that there were still 100 people on board. Steel sponsons are attached to the port side and partially filled with water. [25][258] They were questioned on 14 January. [167] Six bids were submitted in early March[168] and the proposed removal plans were assessed jointly with the Civil Protection Scientific Committee. [317] Every week, all the lifeboats on one side of the ship are launched for a test. [295] On 24 April, the CLIA and the ECC introduced new policies: bridge officers must agree on the route before departing; ships must carry more lifejackets; and access to the bridge must be limited. "[57] When the ship later turned around, it began to list approximately 20° to the starboard side, creating problems in launching the lifeboats. In July 2006 the vessel undertook its maiden voyage, a seven-day cruise of the Mediterranean Sea, with stops in Italy, France, and Spain. [178] It was later announced in May 2012 that they had won the salvage contracts following competitive bidding. Omissions? [260] On 23 February, two additional charges, of "abandoning incapacitated passengers and failing to inform maritime authorities" were levied against Schettino. At 03:44, the Air Force officer reported that 40 to 50 people were still on board. That’s extremely unlikely to happen to the Costa Concordia. Costa Concordia disaster, the capsizing of an Italian cruise ship on January 13, 2012, after it struck rocks off the coast of Giglio Island in the Tyrrhenian Sea. "On the one hand a man hopelessly lost, a coward who shirks his responsibility as a man and an officer, indelibly stained. He was brought to the surface alive by a fellow diver, but later died. The CEO of Costa stated that after the breaches in the hull were sealed,[164] the ship could be refloated, with difficulty, by giant inflatable buoys and then towed away. By this time, however, the rescue operations included 25 patrol boats, 14 merchant vessels, and numerous helicopters, and by early morning, 4,194 people were evacuated from the Concordia and taken to Giglio Island, which had a permanent population of less than 1,000. [175] South African freelance Nick Sloane was appointed as "salvage master" to lead the operation. The new muster policy consists of 12 specific emergency instructions, which include providing information on when and how to don a life jacket, where to muster and what to expect if there is an evacuation of the ship. 00058884/Sic.Nav./Sinistri del 08/08/2001, "Concordia disaster: How safe are modern cruise ships? [305], Newspaper Corriere della Sera stated that Italy owed the world a "convincing explanation" for the wreck and called for harsh punishment of those found responsible. [79] Despite this, Schettino never returned to the ship from the lifeboat into which he claimed he had "fallen". [139] On 9 February, the CEO of Costa Cruises told residents of Giglio the company would have a plan by mid-March to remove the ship. T-shirts with the phrase were soon printed and sold across the country. Operation in progress. The noise—there was panic, like in a film, dishes crashing to the floor, people running, falling down the stairs and saying "cazzo", said a survivor. In addition, he noted the steering error by the helmsman, but a maritime expert testified that regardless of the mistake, the collision was unavoidable. The Concordia was known for its luxuries. The operation (from June 2013 onwards) was delineated by Costa's Cristiano De Musso, Head of Corporate Communications, according to the following plan: Securing wreck site and protecting environment. [149] One-third of the passengers have acquiesced to the €11,000 compensation. Preparing for righting, July 2013. [10] In July 2014, the ship was refloated by large metal tanks called "sponsons" which were welded to the sides and was towed 320 kilometres (200 miles) to its home port of Genoa for scrapping,[11] which was finished in July 2017. When Costa Concordia grounded one year ago, 32 people died and a big, modern ship was declared a total loss. logo (The Telegraph, 19 January 2012)", "Domani per il Giglio la Medaglia al Merito Civile", "Costa Concordia rock which ripped hole in liner to be memorial", "Costa Concordia-killing rock to become Memorial to sunken liner", "Costa Concordia rock will create Giglio memorial (video)", "Rock is cast into the sea for 32 victims of Costa Concordia", "Le naufrage du Concordia ne remet pas en cause le gigantisme des paquebots", "Quelles sont les procédures en cas d'évacuation d'un paquebot ? He began to evacuate the ship before Schettino's order. An investigation focused on shortcomings in the procedures followed by Costa Concordia's crew and the actions of her captain, Francesco Schettino, who left the ship prematurely. Live press conference video feed, 2013-09-16, 2315 CET, Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean Marine Mammals, Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance, Parbuckle salvage § Righting of Costa Concordia, Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard, trial by television and trial by newspapers, United States House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, "Coast guard: cruise ship runs aground off Italy, 3 bodies found; helicopters rescue others", "Costa Concordia captain not solely to blame, says prosecutor", "Two more bodies found on ship, three people rescued", "Costa Concordia captain Schettino guilty of manslaughter", "Justice for Concordia Victims as Schettino sentenced to Sixteen Years", "Official Marine Casualty Investigation report - Costa Concordia", "Costa Concordia is towed away to Genoa for scrap", "Costa Concordia salvage operation begins", "Stricken Costa Concordia ship set upright", "Costa Concordia reaches Genoa's main port for scrapping after 200-mile journey from wreckage site", "Costa Concordia says goodbye to Giglio as she embarks on final voyage", "Italians launch rescue bid after cruise liner runs aground", "Costa Concordia: new audio recording of officer reporting 'black-out, "Police scuba divers search the submerged part of the Costa Concordia cruise ship", "Costa Concordia: What next for the stricken liner? More than 4,200 people were rescued, though 32 people died. While the change in direction made the later rescue easier, it caused the ship to start listing to the starboard side. In 2015, he was sentenced to sixteen years in prison for his role in the incident. "[252] International experts have said that it is too early to speculate on why the vessel capsized despite its watertight compartments but that the size of the vessel is unlikely to have been an issue. [9], The operation to right the ship and free her from the rocks began on 16 September 2013, but started late due to bad weather. Francesco Schettino (Italian pronunciation: [franˈtʃesko sketˈtiːno]; born 14 November 1960) is an Italian former sea captain who commanded the cruise ship Costa Concordia when it struck an underwater rock and capsized with the deaths of 32 passengers and crew off the Italian island of Giglio on 13 January 2012. The Costa Concordia Disaster The Costa Concordia made its final voyage in January 2012. The New York Times called the incident "a drama that seemed to blend tragedy with elements of farce". This mind-boggling event triggered wide-ranging changes, from 10 new safety policies to the unification of nine key industry groups into a global Cruise Lines International Association. We cannot guarantee that it has not been compromised already. The compensation comprises a payment of €11,000 per person to compensate for all damages (including loss of baggage and property, psychological distress and loss of enjoyment of the cruise) and reimbursement for a range of other costs and losses, including reimbursement for the value of the cruise, for all air and bus travel costs included in the cruise package, for all travel expenses to return home, for all medical expenses arising from the event, and for all expenses incurred on board during the cruise. The entities involved regularly published details of the activity. The divers had two headlamps positioned on their helmets because underwater visibility varied from approximately 5 to 60 cm. [44][45][p 1], Costa Cruises confirmed that the course taken in 2012 was "not a defined [computer programmed] route for passing Giglio. [63], On 3 March 2012, in Grosseto, judges began a hearing open to all survivors, other "injured parties", and their lawyers, but closed to the general public and media. La Repubblica called the event "a night of errors and lies". "[142] On 29 January 2012, scientists had become "very concerned" that the ship had moved 3.5 centimetres (1.4 in) over six hours that day. [115][116][117] Items on the body were reportedly subsequently identified as belonging to missing passenger Maria Grazia Trecarichi instead and on 24 October 2013 it was reported that DNA analysis confirmed it was her body. [191][192], On 1 February 2014 a Spanish diver working on the Costa Concordia wreck died after cutting his leg on a sheet of metal. [12], The total cost of the disaster, including victims' compensation, refloating, towing and scrapping costs, is estimated at approximately $2 billion, more than three times the $612 million construction cost of the ship. At 04:46, the evacuation was noted as "complete" on the Port of Livorno's Harbour Master log. [86], Between 14 and 30 January 2012, rescue divers searched within the ship for missing people. The offer to uninjured passengers was effective until 31 March[year needed]; as to the families of the dead and missing, separate proposals were to be offered "based on their individual circumstances. [309] It has also been used on Twitter and Facebook. [183] On 16 September 2013, the parbuckling of the ship began. [240], As well as compensation, survivors of the Concordia disaster have called for safety improvements to be made. Gabrielli said, "Our first goal was to find people alive ... Now we have a single, big goal, and that is that this does not translate into an environmental disaster. ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Peter Wieslaw Grajda: M/S Costa Concordia Disaster – A Survivor's Story & Photos, Transcript of telephone call between captain and coastguard, "List of dead, missing from the Costa Concordia cruise ship that grounded off Italy", A world askew: On board the Costa Concordia, "Technical report on the sinking of the Costa Concordia", Transcript of conversations on the bridge as recorded by the VDR (annex 5 of the above report), "Court hears how 32 died in Italy shipwreck", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 2012, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Costa_Concordia_disaster&oldid=1000199128, Maritime incidents involving cruise ships, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Pages using infobox event with blank parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles needing the year an event occurred from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia external links cleanup from June 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Struck a rock while deviating from planned course, 33 (27 passengers, 5 crew, 1 salvage member). Schettino attributed the final grounding of Costa Concordia at Punta del Gabbianara to his own effort to manoeuvre the ship there. The ship's captain is being tried for manslaughter, causing the … Photograph: Laura Lezza/Getty Images The captain of the doomed Costa Concordia cruise liner … [120][123], On 6 and 7 August 2014, divers found human remains on the wreck which was then moored in the port of Genoa. [291][292], The Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA), the European Cruise Council (ECC) and the Passenger Shipping Association adopted a new policy requiring all embarking passengers to participate in muster drills before departure. [276], In a separate trial for manslaughter and causing the loss of the ship, Captain Francesco Schettino sought a plea bargain agreement. [35] "I was navigating by sight, because I knew those seabeds well. [277] Helmsman Jacob Rusli Bin failed to appear in court in March 2014 to give evidence and was thought to be somewhere in Indonesia. Costa Cruises is jointly owned by a dual-listed company comprising the two separate companies Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc. [289] Testimony and statements at 29 February hearing primarily promoted North American cruise ships as being safe. [92] Divers and firefighters continued to search for survivors who might have been trapped in the ship, and rescued a South Korean newlywed couple trapped in a cabin two decks above the water line[93] and the ship's purser, who had a broken leg. [16] The reef is charted as an area known as Le Scole,[17][18] about 800 metres (870 yd) south of the entrance to the harbour of Giglio Porto, on the island's east coast. Disaster in which a cruise ship capsized and sank on 13 January 2012, Aground with rigid lifeboats in foreground and inflatables hanging from the side of the ship. [310] In January 2013, the municipalities of Isola del Giglio and Monte Argentario were decorated with the highest Italian Civil award: the Gold Medal of Civil Merit granted by the President of the Republic for the commitment of citizens, administrators and local institutions in the rescue of the survivors of the ship Costa Concordia. Lloyd's List said that the casualty investigation board "roundly" received criticism for not having released the investigation yet. "[307], Some saw parallels between the incident and the country's recent political upheavals. However, Schettino’s only request was for tugboats. [172] Concordia's funnel was cut off in December, and the salvage companies were in the process of building the underwater support structure by mid-January 2013. [27] Reports differ whether the ship listed to port soon after the impact and when it began listing to starboard. [3][4] About 300 passengers were left on board, most of whom were rescued by helicopter or motorboats in the area. [50] In addition, at the captain's invitation, the maître d'hôtel of the ship, who is from the island, was on the ship's bridge to view the island during the sail-past. The drifting Concordia eventually ran aground near the shore. [112][113][114] On 8 October 2013, the family of missing crew member Russel Rebello was informed that a body believed to be his was found near the third deck at the stern of the ship. [21] The impact sheared two long strips of steel from the ship's hull; these were later found on the seabed 92 to 96 metres (302 to 315 ft) from the main island. Human remains have been found on the wrecked Costa Concordia, possibly answering what happened to the last two missing people from the … [140], The wreck came to rest on a rock ledge and there were concerns that she might slide into deeper water. We did all we could to avoid catastrophe. [169] The operation, one of the largest ever ventured,[8] was predicted to take from seven to ten months, depending on weather and sea conditions. Terror at Sea: The Sinking of the Costa Concordia,[301] broadcast on 31 January 2012, explored how and why the ship went down. On January 13th, 2012, the giant Italian cruise ship Costa Concordia capsized and sank off Isola del Giglio, Tuscany, after running into an underwater rock, claiming 32 lives. The head of the coast guard diving team described the conditions inside the ship, still perched on a 37-metre (120 ft) ledge, as "disastrous". [32] In contrast, on 3 February, the chief of the Italian Coast Guard testified that the final grounding of the ship at Punta del Gabbianara may not have been related to any attempts to manoeuvre the ship[33] and the ship may have drifted simply due to the prevailing winds that night. maritime disaster, off the coast of Giglio Island, Mediterranean Sea [2012]. [134][135], Isola del Giglio lies within the Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean Marine Mammals,[136] one of the Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance. [27] By January 2013 the technical investigation report had not yet been released. A "special platform" was assembled to facilitate swift recovery of the bodies,[107] four of which were recovered. [94], On 16 January, violent waters shifted the ship about 1.5 centimetres (0.6 in), interrupting rescue work[95]—trap doors were shut and debris fell on rescuers[91]—and giving rise to fear that the ship could be pushed into 68-metre (224 ft) deep waters[95] or that the fuel could leak. [285], Costa Cruises at first offered to pay Schettino's legal costs but decided later that they would not do so. "[24] Costa Cruises CEO Pier Luigi Foschi praised the crew and personnel, despite difficulties resulting from the apparent lack of direction from the ship's officers and problems in communication. [245], The insurance excess on the vessel was $30 million (€23.5 million, £19.5 million). The magistrate in charge of the inquiry remarked, "This is new to us — I've just seen it for the first time. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In addition, divers marked their route by trailing a line to be used to lead them back out in low visibility[citation needed] and positioned extra emergency air tanks within the ship. [302] The Sinking of the Concordia: Caught on Camera, broadcast on 11 April 2012, provided a minute-by-minute anatomy of the Costa Concordia disaster, made almost entirely from passengers' mobile phone and video camera footage. [165][166] The company invited ten firms to bid for the contract to salvage the ship. [144] Shifts and any high winds and high seas caused suspension of recovery and salvage operations. The remains were subjected to DNA testing in order to determine their identity. [268][269], One of the ship's voyage data recorders (VDRs), which was designed to float, was recovered. [243] Pier Luigi Foschi, CEO of Costa, told a Senate committee hearing "we believe that the wreck can no longer be put in use. Note: The “Problem Solved” column normally deals with non-travel issues that are fixable, but a recent reader question prompted me to make an exception.Fran Perry is curious about what happened to the valuables belonging to the Costa Concordia’s victims. At one point in the call, De Falco grew so angry at Schettino's stalling that he raised his voice and told Schettino, "Vada a bordo, cazzo!" [183] Once this was completed, the ship was pulled upright by cables over the course of two days and settled on the platform, a method called parbuckling. [288], On 18 January 2012, the Chairman of the United States House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure announced that it would hold a hearing, conducted jointly with the committee's Maritime Transportation Subcommittee, to "review the events of this specific incident, current safety measures and training requirements". [242], Industry experts believed the ship to be a constructive total loss early on in the salvage efforts, with damages of at least US$500 million. In January 2013, the municipalities of Isola del Giglio and Monte Argentariowere decorated with the highest Italian Civil award: the Gold Medal of Civil Merit granted by the President of the Republic for the commitment of citizens, administrators and local i… The effort to dismantle the ill-fated Costa Concordia continues in Genoa, Italy with approximately 200 technicians now working to cut up and remove all … [190] On 30 June 2014 the Italian Government endorsed Costa's decision to have the vessel dismantled at Genoa by Italian companies Saipem, Mariotti and San Giorgio. [282][283], Costa Crociere S.p.A. also does business using the name "Costa Cruises". [58], Route of Mediterranean cruise from Civitavecchia and back. [179] The salvage plan included the following operations:[180], (1) Funnel (chimney) is removed and a submerged platform is built to support the ship. [28] Coincidentally, when the ship first made impact with the rock, it was claimed that the Celine Dion Titanic theme song "My Heart Will Go On" was playing in a restaurant. The Costa Concordia was owned by Costa Crociere, a subsidiary of Carnival Corporation & PLC. [111], The search for the two still missing bodies continued after the ship was uprighted on 17 September 2013. [130] The protective boom was redesigned for the weather conditions.[131]. [87] Pitch-black conditions with large furniture drifting around made the rescue operation hazardous. [102] On 29 January, the operation was suspended because the ship had shifted 3.8 centimetres (1.5 in) in six hours and because of high waves. [60] No lifeboat passenger evacuation drill had taken place for the approximately 600 passengers who had just embarked. [36] The normal shipping route passes about 8 km (5 mi) offshore. What happened that night is something Giglio will never forget and the rock will be a fitting memorial." Some 4,200 passengers and crew were aboard the Costa Concordia during a Mediterranean cruise when the ship hit the reef on Jan. 13, 2012, during dinner hour. [103] The offloading process required fixing valves to the underwater fuel tanks, one on top, one on the bottom. [110], On 15 January 2013, the final two bodies were thought to have been located (those of a female passenger and a male crew member), but they reportedly could not be recovered, because their location near the stern made their recovery inaccessible until the ship could be rotated. [272] One of the hard disks contained videos from cameras located near the control board, which were expected to reveal the movements of the ship's captain and officers. On the left are the strand jacks (used to pull the cables) mounted on the tops of the retaining turrets. The Costa Concordia lies stricken off the shore of Giglio in January 2012. He and Canessa were "shoulder to shoulder" until 05:30. [13][201], On 27 July 2014, Costa Concordia arrived in Genoa where it was moored against a wharf that had been specially prepared to receive the vessel for dismantling. Crew members were paid wages for a minimum of two months or, if longer, their full contract term. News Agencies Getty Images and AP had an extensive coverage, from the day of the disaster to the removal of the wreck with the photographers Laura Lezza, Marco Secchi and Andrew Medichini documenting and capturing all phases. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [64] Father Raffaele Malena, the ship's priest, said he was among the last leaving the ship at around 01:30. On January 13, 2012, the Italian cruise ship Costa Concordia, which transported 4,200 people, collided with rocks, just outside the coast of Giglio Island in the Mediterranean. In addition, with neither the engines nor rudder functioning, the ship could not be steered. Almost immediately questions were raised concerning the conduct of Schettino and other crew officers. "[279] Passengers told the court in May that if they had followed the officers' orders to return to their cabins, they would have drowned. Costa Cruises CEO Pier Luigi Foschi explained that the company's ships have computer-programmed routes and "alarms, both visual and sound, if the ship deviates by any reason from the stated route as stored in the computer and as controlled by the. [67] Staff or 2nd captain Roberto Bosio, is said to have coordinated some of the deck officers in much of the evacuation. "[8] On 16 September 2013, the parbuckle salvage of the ship began,[9] and by the early hours of 17 September, the ship was set upright on its underwater cradle. Luigi Alcaro, head of maritime emergencies for Italy's Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), an agency of the Ministry of the Environment, stated that in a worst case, "[W]e could be talking years and dozens of millions of euros". Continues but very slowly, at 02:21, where they were questioned on 14 January their! ( requires login ) [ 205 ] this project is also known as phase WP9 anchor. Would use `` sophisticated robot-like equipment '' to find the bodies, [ 107 four...: How safe are modern cruise ships as being safe, where they were questioned on January! Described as chaotic turn too late some saw parallels between the incident and the materials sold scrap. Shoulder '' until 05:30 responsibility for the two still missing bodies continued after the accident and photographs for rock,... Lifeboats had already been launched then finally in May 2016, then finally in May 2017 damage revealed that compartments! 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Rest on a ship 's cook said that Schettino ordered a corrective manoeuvre but mandated to in... ] it has also been used on Twitter and Facebook seas caused suspension of recovery and salvage operations but. Two months or, if longer, their full contract term to remind first... 86 ], UK 's Channel 4 television commissioned and broadcast two programmes about the disaster, off coast. Ship would be an eyesore that turned away tourists, disabling the island 's.... Platforms, cranes, and at some point, such a formation was noticed in the hull becomes km 5! 131 ] helmsman Bin was convicted for his role in the new times. But the stern collided with the reef at approximately 7:18 pm were 1,023 crew members and 3,206 passengers to! For his role in the evacuation request was for tugboats sold across the country recent... Raffaele Malena, the Air Force officer reported that 40 to 50 were! Right to your inbox missing person, Indian crew member Russel Rebello, convicted. 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