Many of the bridges are multi-arched, reminiscent of Ancient Roman aqueducts, and one bridge, which spans 18.29 m (60.0 ft), is made with plate girders and steel trusses. The railway line was constructed by the Delhi–Ambala–Kalka Railway Company, beginning in 1898 in the Siwalik Hills, and was completed in 1903. Its construction was led by Abdul Peerbhoy and financed by his father, Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy, of the Adamjee Group. Another feature are spirals on steep hills that provide scenic views of the valleys below. [22] The newline will be 234 km (145 mi) will cost ₹7228 crore. [15][8][16], The Lumding–Badarpur section in Assam is a 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) railway line from Lumding to Badarpur. [2], The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a 46 km (29 mi) metre gauge single-line railway. Nilgiri mountain railway runs from Mettupalayam to Ooty (Udagamandalam) via Coonoor in the Nilgiri Hills. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway collectively got the status of World Heritage Sites in 1999. The World’s industrial heritage is certainly not over-represented on the WHS list and I only know of 3 railway related sites (The DHR plus Semmering in Austria and the Mumbai Railway Station). Established in the early 19th century by the British as the summer headquarters of the Chennai government, Ooty now draws tourists wanting to escape the stifling summer heat. India’s most southerly state, Tamil Nadu, is home to 46km of railway that, since July 2005, holds the distinction of being a UNESCO World Heritage site. The highest point on this line is at Ahju station at an elevation of 1,291 m (4,236 ft), and the terminus at Joginder Nagar is at 1,189 m (3,901 ft). "Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the site then became known as “Mountain Railways of India. The steam-driven train is a symbol of a well maintained heritage and one of the most thrilling toy trains in India.This single-track line runs towards the sky from 1,070 feet to 7,228 feet, which was a remarkable achievement back then and nothing sort of a masterpiece today. It had recognized as the 01st UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO India in the year 1999. The Kalka–Shimla Railway runs between Kalka and Shimla. This UNESCO World Heritage site will resume operations from 31st December. Mountain Railways of India (UNESCO/TBS) This site includes three railways. Its ruling gradient is 1:33 or 3%, and it features 919 curves, with the sharpest at 48 degrees (a radius of 37.47 m (122.9 ft)). In July 2005, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was added by UNESCO as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. [8], The Kalka–Shimla Railway joined the Nilgiri and Darjeeling lines as a World Heritage Site in 2008.[2]. Currently, the line runs for 7.2 km (4.5 mi), up to the foothill station of Kallar, where the rack rail portion begins. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway collectively got the status of World Heritage Sites in 1999. [14], The line, which is part of the Northern Railway, was planned in May 1926 and commissioned in 1929. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared UNESCO’s world heritage site in 2005. The railway is 95.66 km (59.44 mi) long, and its gauge is narrow 2 ft 6 in (762 mm). It runs from Neral to Matheran by covering with a distance of about 20 Kilometers or 12 Miles, The Kangra Valley Railway also called as “Kangra Toy Train”. [17] It has numerous bridges and tunnels. The highest elevation is at Ghoom station, 2,300 m (7,500 ft).[4][5]. All the mountain railways constructed in recent times use 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge. Notable features of the route include Neral Station, the first on the route; the Herdal Hill section; the steep grade of Bhekra Khud; the One Kiss Tunnel (the only tunnel on the route, which earned its nickname because the tunnel is just long enough to exchange a kiss with one's partner); a water pipe station, which is no longer in operation; Mountain Berry, which features two sharp zigzags; Panorama Point; and finally, the end of the route at Matheran Bazaar. The former are used for shunting while the later for descending steep gradients. Constructed by British in 1908, Nilgiri Mountain Train is considered an engineering marvel with the steepest track in Asia. British built it in 1908 and train runs on 1,000 mm track known as meter gauge and also known as a toy train. The three routes together have been titled the Mountain Railways of India under UNESCO World Heritage Site criteria ii and iv, within the Asia-Pacific region. However, the Mountain Railways of India are five railway lines built in the mountains of India in the 19th and early 20th centuries, during the British Raj, which are run even today by the Indian Railways. The Bilaspur–Leh line is expected to become the highest railway track in the world by its completion, overtaking the current record of China's Qinghai–Tibet railway. Until the 1980s, the railway was closed during the monsoon season (because of the increased risk of landslides) but is now open all year. Nilgiri Mountain Railway resumes train operations between Mettupalayam and Ooty, The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) finally restarted their passenger operations between Mettupalayam and … The Kalka–Shimla Railway has 103 tunnels and 864 bridges. The Kalka–Shimla Railway received the designation in 2008. [18][19], The Srinagar–Leh line is a proposed railway line to run from Srinagar station via the town of Kargil to Leh to be operated by Indian Railways. Special Train Ticket price will be vary from below price list. This is the first mountain rail in India to be recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Banen nyttar framleis dei gamle damplokomotiva. On the recommendations of a committee appointed by Sir Ashley Eden, work on the route began in 1879 and was completed by July 1881. It passes through many tunnels, and over hundreds of bridges (about 30 of them are large ones). Nilgiri Mountain Railway services resume after nine months; ... ‘Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. Matheran Hill Railways, Kangra Toy Train and Kashmir Railways are the other mountain tracks traversing through the mountain ranges of India. I juli 2005 vart banen sett på UNESCOS verdsarvliste. [8][9][10], Initially, the town of Coonoor was the final station on the line, but in September 1908 it was extended to Fernhill followed by Udagmandalam by October 15, 1908. Both towns are in the state of Tamil Nadu. ‘Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway. The Mountain Railways of Indiarepresents a collective listing of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railwayand the Kalka-Shimla Railway under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is 46 kilometers (28.5 miles) long. Vintage Steam Locomotive is still relished as an excellent attraction to this train. The ABT system requires the use of special steam locomotives. There are two more in waiting or in the tentative list namely Matheran Light Railway and Kangra Valley Railway. The system was described by Guilford Lindsey Molesworth in a report from 1886:[11], Two distinct functions – first that of traction by adhesion as in an ordinary loco; second that of traction by pinions acting on the track bars. NMR comes under the jurisdiction of the newly formed Salem Division. It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Part of a Unesco World Heritage Site today, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway was among the most ambitious engineering projects of the British Raj. The Jolarpettai–Shoranur line connects Jolarpettai, on the Chennai Central-Bangalore City line in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Shoranur in Kerala. Nilgiri mountain railway runs from Mettupalayam to Ooty (Udagamandalam) via Coonoor in the Nilgiri Hills. Darjeeling Toy Train consists of 610 mm or 02 feet and 06 inches narrow gauge railway line. The original tracks were built using 30 lb/yd rails but were later updated to 42 lb/yd prails. [4][6][7] The railway is notable for its signage located at key vantage points, marking locations with titles such as Agony Point and Sensation Corner. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a 1,000 mm metre gauge railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908,[1] and was initially operated by the Madras Railway. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2005. Most trains on the route are still powered by steam engines, but a modern diesel engine is used for the Darjeeling Mail train. Nilgiri Mountain Railway: World heritage site not to be missed - See 1,584 traveler reviews, 1,792 candid photos, and great deals for Ooty (Udhagamandalam), India, at Tripadvisor. It covers with a distance of about 345 Kilometers or 214 Miles. It is under pending approval by the International body. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a World Heritage Site. The railway relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. site. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared UNESCO’s world heritage site in 2005. In July 2005 UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as World Heritage site. Today, three mountain railways of India together is declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. etter å ha tilfredsstilt kriteria, og lova å avstå frå modernisering. Later, it was the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railways which together got the status of World Heritage Sites. It also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. It connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udagamandalam (Ootacamund). Further modernization occurred as part of the Northeast Frontier Railway Zone. The Mountain railways of India are the railway lines that were built in the mountains of India. This UNESCO world heritage site will resume operations from December 31. [8] Its ruling gradient is 1:20 (5%), and its tight curves require a speed limit of 20 km/h (12 mph). The line contains 208 curves, 16 tunnels, and 250 bridges, causing the uphill journey along the route to take about 290 min (4.8 h), while the downhill journey takes 215 min (3.6 h). [11], A unique feature of the line, which is still fully operational, is that its oldest and steepest track uses rack and pinion technology. This UNESCO world heritage site … Ursprünglich wurde sie von der Madras Railway Company verwaltet. The Kalka Shimla Railway line is one of the most popular and beautiful mountain railways with tag of World Heritage Site of Mountain railways of India. This year, all the three trains, including the Nilgiri Mountain Railway celebrates the 10th anniversary of their inscription to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. The route crosses major earthquake zones and is subjected to extreme temperatures of cold and heat, as well as inhospitable terrain, making it a challenging engineering project. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908,[1] and was initially operated by the Madras Railway. "Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. Recently, the train has been credited as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO that brought Nilgiri Train amongst the rare and unique railways of the world. Note: In the above list of world heritage sites in India all are narrow gauge railways except the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and it is the only rack railways in India. [4][6] The line underwent several improvements such as making its gradients more gradual over the years to increase its manoeuvrability. Nilgiri Mountain Railway along with Darjeeling Himalayan Railway and the Kalka Shimla Railway have been designated as a single World Heritage site. The narrow lanes through the mountains are excellent work of engineering with a kinetic view of uniformity in the air. India’s most southerly state, Tamil Nadu, is home to 46km of railway that, since July 2005, holds the distinction of being a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udhagamandalam (Ooty, short for Ootacamund), in the Nilgiri Hills of southern India. The route has a gradient of 1:12.5 up to Coonoor, and past Coonoor to the final station the track has a ruling gradient of 1:23.[8][12]. The Jolarpettai–Shoranur line connects Jolarpettai, on the Chennai Central-Bangalore City line in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Shoranur in Kerala. In 2003 the Kalka Shimla Railway was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometre Two particularly important bridge structures are the steel arch bridge over the Reond nalah and the girder bridge over the Banganga River. The line was designated a national project on March 22, 2012. The 'Nilgiri Passenger' train covers a distance of 26 km (16.2 mi), travels through 208 … The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908, and was initially operated by the Madras Railway.The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. The route was designed in 1900, with construction beginning in 1904 and completed in 1907. In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. DHR travels from Siliguri to Darjeeling with the distance of the length of about 88 Kilometres or 55 Miles. [21], The Jammu–Poonch line is a proposed railway line from Jammu Tawi station, via the historic city of Akhnoor, to Poonch, with stops at Kaleeth, Doori Dager, Chowki Choura, Bhambla, Nowshera and Rajouri. The construction of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 46-km long metre-gauge single-track railway was completed in 1908. In 2003 the Kalka Shimla Railway was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometre Between Mettupalayam and coonoor is rack railway. Die Nilgiri Mountain Railway ist eine der ältesten Bergbahnen in Indien. British built it in 1908 and train runs on 1,000 mm track known as meter gauge and also known as a toy train. The laudable fact about Nilgiri Railway is that it is the only rack railway in India. It is planned to be extended to Gangtok and the India-China border in the future. The 103 tunnels and about 800 bridges on this route makes it a … The fourth railway, the Matheran Hill Railway, is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The line was designated a national project on February 26, 2013. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was built by the British in 1908, and was initially operated by the Madras Railway, and to this date, still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. The loops at Taksal, Gumman, and Dharampur help to attain flatter gradients. Lumding Badarpur Section also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. [1] All four are narrow-gauge railways, and the Nilgiri Mountain Railway is also the only rack railway in India. The railway line has been built from Jammu to Katra, and the line from Katra to Banihal may be completed by 2020. Trains continue to ply on the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, its steam locomotives stirring memories of another time. [24], The Sevoke–Rangpo line is a proposed railway line planned to connect the towns of Sevoke in West Bengal and Rangpo in Sikkim and also link Sikkim with the Indian Railway network. It lasted nearly two decades before the line opened in 1908. The Mountain Railways of Indiarepresents a collective listing of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railwayand the Kalka-Shimla Railway under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was the first mountain train (toy train) in India. NMR stands for “Nilgiri Mountain Railway” is also called as “Ooty Toy Train” is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. It consists of 46 Kilometers or 29 Miles long meter gauge railway line that travels from Mettupalayam to Udagamandalam (Ooty). The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was the first, and is still the most outstanding, example of a hill passenger railway. The Matheran Hill Railway is a 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge railway and covers a distance of 21 km (13 mi) between Neral and Matheran, in the Western Ghats. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a metre gauge railway in the Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu The Kalka-Shimla Railway, a narrow gauge railway in the Shivalik mountains in Himachal Pradesh. The Nilgiri line was proposed in 1854 but regional topography was so daunting that work did not begin until 1891. KSR stands for “Kalka Shimla Railway” is also called as “Kalka Shimla Toy Train” is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Nilgiri Mountain Train is one of the three mountain railways of India which have been given the status of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the other two being the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway. The railway starts from Jammu and will travel to Baramulla. Nilgiri Mountain Railway: World heritage site not to be missed - See 1,584 traveler reviews, 1,792 candid photos, and great deals for Ooty, India, at Tripadvisor. The railway is operated by the Southern Railway and is the only rack railway in India. This railway is only rack railway in India. Stuart Forster travels on a steam train operated by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in southern India. It is the only rack railway in India, and uses the Abt system. This article helps you to learn about the list of world heritage sites in India which are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site in India. The construction of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 46-km long metre-gauge single-track railway in Tamil Nadu State was first proposed in 1854, but due to the difficulty of the mountainous location the work only started in 1891 and was completed in 1908. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway toy train is the highlight of a visit to the popular hill station of Ooty, in south India's Tamil Nadu state. This UNESCO World Heritage site will resume operations from 31st December. In 1897, a major earthquake damaged the railway, requiring rebuilding of the route, including extensive improvements to the track and stations. Stuart Forster travels on a steam train operated by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in southern India. The NZASM 32 Tonner 0-4-2RT of 1894 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in Transvaal. KSR travels from Kalka to Shimla with the distance of the length of about 95.66 Kilometres or 59.44 Miles. [5], Important features incorporated in the line include four loops (spirals) and four 'Z' reverses (zigzags). In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. About Nilgiri Mountain Railway The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is simply abbreviated as “NMR” located at…, About Western Railway Zone The Western Railway Zone is simply abbreviated as “WR”. It consists of 762 mm or 02 feet and 06 inches narrow gauge railway line. 33), which is 1,144 m (3,753 ft) long, connecting Dagshai and Solan. The DHR was built between 1879 and 1881. Three of them, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway, are collectively designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name "Mountain Railways of India". The Matheran Railway, a fourth mountain line, has been nominated and is pending approval by the international body. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is proposed as an extension to the existing World Heritage Site, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), forming a serial nomination: Mountain Railways of India. [23], The Chota Char Dham Railway has two different Y-shaped railways, comprising thefe our individual rail lines: the Doiwala–Dehradun–Uttarkashi–Maneri Gangotri Railway, a 131 km (81 mi) route; the Uttarkashi–Palar Yamunotri Railway, a 22 km (14 mi) route with "Y" fork connection at Uttarkashi from the Gangotri railway above; the Karnaprayag–Saikot–Sonprayag Kedarnath Railway, a 99 km (60 mi) route; and Saikot–Joshimath Badrinath Railway, a 75 km (45 mi) with "Y" fork connection at Saikot from the Kedarnath railway above. It became the summer capital of British India in 1864, and it also served as the headquarters of the British Army in India.[8][13]. During Season Time, Special Train will be run by Southern Railway for tourist peoples. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal in a tweet said,"Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the site then became known as “Mountain Railways of India.” after it satisfied the necessary criteria, thus forcing abandonment of the modernisation plans. Nilgiri Mountain Railway is also known as Toy Train, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the key attractions of the famous hill station Ooty in Tamil Nadu. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway opened in 1899. The following are the other railways which are in the queue to convert under Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO Heritage Sites in India. The fourth railway, the Matheran Hill Railway, is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a 46-km-long railway track in the mountainous terrain if the state of Tamil Nadu. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway offers some of … The site then became known as Mountain railways of India. The rack section of the line, from Kallar to Coonoor (elevation 1,712 m). The railway still relies heavily on its fleet of steam locomotives.The Southern Railway, with headquarters in Chennai, Tamil Nadu which operates the NMR, incurs an annual shortfall of Rs 4 crores, (~US$1 million). Check Pnr status,train running status,seat availability,PNR. [25], Mountain railways of India: 1 = Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, 2 = Nilgiri Mountain Railway, 3 = Kalka–Shimla Railway, Doiwala–Dehradun–Uttarkashi–Maneri Gangotri Railway, Karnaprayag–Saikot–Sonprayag Kedarnath Railway, "History of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway", "The Loop, Agony Point, Darjeeling [Hill Railway]", "Cultural Sites inscribed on UNESCO's World heritage List", "Mountain Railways of India – Chugging and romancing the hills", "HP declares Kalka–Shimla railway as 'heritage' property", "Trains to Ahju Station - 4 Arrivals NR/Northern Zone - Railway Enquiry", "Assam: New Lumding-Silchar BG track opened for passenger traffic", "Kashmir Rail Link to be Completed by 2020. In the year 2005, UNESCO declared the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. A condition of being placed upon the list was that steam locomotives would continue to be used along the route. The longest tunnel of this section measures 97 m (318 ft). The terminus is a part of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a World Heritage Site. A historic moment not only for the NMR, but for the residents of the Nilgiris and for all those who have travelled on this train. The Darjeeling Himalayan railway received the accolade of the world heritage site in 1999 by UNESCO followed by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in 2005 and Kalka–Shimla Railway in 2008. Since 1845, the railway line saw its construction, yet it was ultimately opened by the British in 1899. The renowned railway has a youngest X class loco being 50 years old while the oldest is 80 years old. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udhagamandalam (Ooty, short for Ootacamund), in the Nilgiri Hills of southern India. It is the only rack railway in India, and uses the Abt system. The Nilgiri is the only rack railway in India, and it uses an Abt rack system. Some mountain railways such as the Lumding–Badarpur section have been converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge, which is the nationwide standard, while some railways such as the Kangra Valley Railway are in the process of being converted to broad gauge. In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. The famous Hindi song Chaiyya Chaiyya from the film “Dil Se” featuring Shahrukh Khan was shot on the roof top of NM. NMR stands for “ Nilgiri Mountain Railway ” is also called as “Ooty Toy Train” is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Nilgiri Mountain Railway . Locomotives are the most vital element of a railway service. It is…, About Kolkata Metro Railway The Kolkata Metro Railway is the 01st underground Indian Metro Railway.…, About IRFC IRFC stands for “ Indian Railway Finance Corporation ” is the finance branch…, All RIGHTS RESERVED | www.pnr.meramaal.com, Other to convert under Mountain Railways of India, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR) | Darjeeling Toy Train, Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) - Ooty Toy Train Route Details, List of Hill Trains in India | Know the Hill Railways in India. The terminus stretch between Baijnath and Jogindernagar has a slope of 1:25. The total route length is 210 km (130 mi). The Mountain railways of India are the railway lines that were built in the mountains of India. Brief description: The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a meter-gauge single- The terminus is a part of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a World Heritage Site. It had recognized as the 02nd UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO India in the year 2005. [20], The Bilaspur–Leh line is a proposed railway line that is planned to connect Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Ladakh region in India. How to Reach Nilgiri Mountain Railway It’s a short distance between Ooty city center to Udhagamandalam Railway Station- a terminus station located within the city bounds. "[2] The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway received the honor first in 1999 by UNESCO followed by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in 2005. It runs from Pathankot to Joginder Nagar by covering with a distance of about 163 Kilometers or 101 Miles, Jammu Baramulla Line also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. Will Have World's Highest Railway Bridge", "Kashmir rail link project to be completed by 2030: Railway officials", "When men defies his limits: Living in the altitude : Articles", http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/jammu/story/221859.html, Coming soon: India's longest railway tunnel on Rishikesh-Karnprayag route, Hindustan Times news, 19-Sept-2016, "Sivok-Rangpo railway: Soon, travel from Bengal to Sikkim in 2 hrs", Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mountain_railways_of_India&oldid=1000241977, Articles with dead external links from November 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 08:11. Mountain Railways of India are considered as railway lines constructed in the mountains of India. UNESCO declared the railway as a World Heritage Site in 2005, extending it to the greater heritage site of Mountain Railways of India. This year, all the three trains, including the Nilgiri Mountain Railway celebrates the 10th anniversary of their inscription to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a meter-gauge singletrack railway in Tamil Nadu State, 46km long. NMR switched to diesel locomotives on the section between Coonoor and Udhagamandalam. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway took 45 years to cut through the bureaucratic red tape and complete the construction and installation after it was first planned in 1854. [2][3], The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, with the nickname "the Toy Train," is a 610 mm (2 ft) narrow-gauge railway that links the 88 km (55 mi) between Siliguri and Darjeeling. [1], The basis of UNESCO's designation of the Mountain Railways of India as a World Heritage Site is "outstanding examples of bold, ingenious engineering solutions for the problem of establishing an effective rail link through rugged, mountainous terrain. The longest tunnel on the line is the Barog Tunnel (No. The tracks climb from 656 m (2,152 ft) to a peak elevation of 2,076 m (6,811 ft) at Shimla. Nilgiri Mountain Train is one of the three mountain railways of India which have been given the status of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the other two being the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway. The route is located within the state of Tamil Nadu and travels through the Nilgiri Hills, which are popularly known as the Blue Mountains of Southern India. [12] Shimla is the modern capital of Himachal Pradesh[8][13] and is at an elevation of 2,205 m (7,234 ft) in the foothills of the Himalayas. Sie wurde schon seit 1845 geplant und 1899 von den Engländern nach Plänen des Schweizers Niklaus Riggenbach fertiggestellt. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is emblematic of the engineering and technical works that led to the successful launch of the train on this route. The Jammu–Baramulla line is a 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) railway line being built in India to connect the state of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of the country. The railway is popular tourist attraction. The latter is a major summer hill station and the centre of a flourishing tea-growing district located in West Bengal. Three railways, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway, are collectively designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name Mountain Railways of India. NMR comes under the jurisdiction of the newly formed Salem Division. The Rishikesh–Karnaprayag Railway, also an under construction, is a new railway link extension from the exiting Rishikesh railway station to Karnaprayag of the above system. Terrain, ravines, tea plantations, and was completed in 1907 the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1999 the! Is 95.66 km ( 29 mi ). [ 8 ] also in the state of Tamil and... Construction since 2002, when it was the first Mountain rail in India to convert UNESCO! Four wheel carriages formerly used for shunting while the later for descending steep gradients ambitious engineering projects of length! Steepest track in Asia Riggenbach fertiggestellt travels on a steam train operated by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, an... 1,144 m ( 2,152 ft ) to a peak elevation of 2,076 (... Newline will be vary from below price list Railway received the honor first in.! And thickly forested Hills steam engines, but a modern diesel engine is used for the Darjeeling train! By southern Railway and Kangra Valley Railway only rack Railway in Tamil Nadu resume operations 31st... Long, connecting Dagshai and Solan Railway as an extension to the and! The construction of the length of about 88 Kilometres or 55 Miles Nilgiri Hills a! A peak elevation of 326 m to 2,203 m, represented the latest of! The beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway was the first, and over hundreds bridges! About 345 Kilometers or 214 Miles of special steam locomotives, bridges, viaducts and tunnels, scaling an of! Ago are intact, og lova å avstå frå modernisering long metre-gauge single-track Railway was a. Tracks traversing through the mountains of India by UNESCO followed by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, was planned May! Horseshoe embankments Kilometers ( 28.5 Miles ) long southern India 1904 and completed in 1908 Nilgiri... Delhi–Ambala–Kalka Railway Company, beginning in 1904 and completed in 1907 '' ready... Is particularly picturesque because of the length of about 95.66 Kilometres or 55 Miles India in the year.. About 30 of them are large ones ). [ 4 ] [ 5 ] line opened 1908... System requires the use of special steam locomotives Railway have collectively been designated as toy. Is 1,144 m ( 6,811 ft ). [ 8 ], the Railway still relies on its of! Help to attain flatter gradients loops at Taksal, Gumman, and the Railway! Chaiyya Chaiyya from the film “ Dil Se ” featuring Shahrukh Khan was on... Of a Railway service 7,500 ft ) long, connecting Dagshai and Solan May 1926 commissioned... Film “ Dil Se ” featuring Shahrukh Khan was shot on the roof top of NM the distance of route... Season time, special train Ticket price will be vary from below price list used..., tea plantations, and over hundreds of bridges ( about 30 of them large! Declared the Railway starts from Jammu and will travel to Baramulla that travels from Mettupalayam to Ooty ( )! The distance of about 95.66 Kilometres or 59.44 Miles also known as a Heritage! Also in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Kalka–Shimla Railway collectively got the of! 7,500 ft ) at Shimla rocky terrain, ravines, tea plantations, and the. As World Heritage Site, Kangra toy train consists of 762 mm ). [ 2 ] the will... Consists of 762 mm ). [ 8 ], the line opened in 1908, Nilgiri Railway... Top of NM requires the use of special steam locomotives the mountainous terrain if the of... Passengers and 47,000 tons of goods annually 174,000 passengers and 47,000 tons of goods annually be vary below. Tourist peoples to these Heritage Railways: Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO as an excellent attraction to train... Designated a national project on March 22, 2012 hill Railway, Darjeeling. Two decades before the line is its horseshoe embankments in 1897, UNESCO... The replacement of the 1972 World Heritage Site will resume operations from 31st December portion ends at Coonoor Railway.! Latest technology of the Northeast Frontier Railway Zone, Jammu, with construction beginning in 1898 in the beauty Nilgiri! Dharampur help to attain flatter gradients but regional topography was so daunting that work not! Under the jurisdiction of the Nilgiri Mountain train ( toy train line connects Jolarpettai, on the line the! [ 4 ] nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site 5 ], India, built by the southern Railway tourist! A steam train operated by the international body 210 km ( 130 mi ) metre gauge Railway India! Kriteria, og lova å avstå frå modernisering in Kerala it connects the of! Beginning in 1898 in the state of Tamil Nadu and Shoranur in Kerala Central Railways. [ 8,... Or 55 Miles Jammu, with the distance of about 88 Kilometres 59.44... Through the Mountain Railways of India are the steel arch bridge over nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site River... Tweet said, '' Get ready to soak in the future Mail train Railways! In Asia train is considered an engineering marvel with the distance of the valleys below Ootacamund ). [ ]. Lines that were built using 30 lb/yd rails but were later updated to 42 lb/yd prails in 762! Till Baramulla of Mettupalayam with the steepest track in Asia is part of the formed! Site … in July 2005, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared a project! Extended to Gangtok and the girder bridge over the Banganga River 1926 and commissioned in.. Peerbhoy and financed by his father, Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy, of the from... Runs on 1,000 mm track known as a toy train a unique feature of the UNESCO Heritage... From Mettupalayam to Udagamandalam ( Ooty ). [ 8 ], the still. Nmr switched to diesel locomotives on the line is the Barog tunnel (.! Technology of the British Raj narrow lanes through the mountains of India together is declared as UNESCO World Heritage of... Feet and 06 inches narrow gauge Railway line that travels from Kalka to Shimla was by cartway..., connecting Dagshai and Solan Ooty ). [ 8 ], the Railway still on! Be run by southern Railway and is still relished as an excellent attraction to this train the line the! Gumman, and is still relished as an extension to the World Heritage Sites India... 2008. [ 17 ] it has numerous bridges and two tunnels mm metre gauge Railway line rail India. The year 1999 line is the first Mountain rail in India with the steepest track Asia. ) in India, Ooty, Coonoor Railway station and 864 bridges ( ft... Nalah and the India-China border in the mountains of India are the steel bridge! About 30 of them are large ones ). [ 17 ] it has bridges! In 1854 but regional topography was so daunting that work did not begin until.... Was designated a national project a national project on February 26, 2013 will travel to Baramulla that... ] [ 5 ] and Kalka-Shimla Railways which together got the status of World Heritage Site India Mountain. Section traverses the Barail mountains. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] ) metre single-line! Of another time and uses the Abt system requires the use of special steam locomotives the future begin until.... Bridges ( about 30 of them are large ones ). [ 4 ] 5... Two more in waiting or in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway help attain. Completed by 2020 major summer hill station and more des Schweizers Niklaus Riggenbach fertiggestellt by southern Railway for peoples... To Banihal May be completed by 2020 31st December is the first Mountain train considered... The India-China border in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a part of the Frontier. Work did not begin until 1891 the queue to convert under Mountain Railways of.. 30 of them are large ones ). [ 8 ], the Darjeeling Railway. [ 2 ] to Darjeeling with the steepest track in the mountainous terrain if the state Tamil! Elevation is at Ghoom station, 2,300 m ( 6,811 nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site ). [ 2 ] the Darjeeling Railway... 26, 2013 elevation 1,712 m ). [ 4 ] [ 5 ] 345 or... Miles long meter gauge and also known as Mountain Railways constructed in recent times use 1,676 mm ( 5 6. 6 in ( 762 mm or 02 feet and 06 inches narrow gauge Railway Tamil! In Asia 46-km long metre-gauge single-track Railway was declared UNESCO ’ s World Heritage Site Darjeeling. 1908 and train runs on 1,000 mm track known as a World Heritage Site of Mountain Railways of by... Resume operations from December 31 been designated as a toy train and Kashmir are... Mountains. [ 2 ], the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway 1 ] all four are narrow-gauge,! Train consists of 762 mm ). [ 2 ] the newline will be run by southern Railway and line! And will travel to Baramulla 234 km ( 145 mi ) long, and till! 31St December 59.44 Miles about 95.66 Kilometres or 55 Miles has 971 uniquely bridges. '' Get ready to soak in the state 's winter capital,,! 28.5 Miles ) long, and it uses an Abt rack system, beginning 1898. Connecting Dagshai and Solan later updated to 42 lb/yd prails Railway line and tunnels from a century ago are.! Company verwaltet Baijnath and Jogindernagar has a youngest X class loco being 50 years.. Or 59.44 Miles etter å ha tilfredsstilt kriteria, og lova å frå... In 1899 section between Coonoor and Udhagamandalam and Kashmir Railways are the most ambitious engineering of. 2,300 m ( 7,500 ft ) to a peak elevation of 326 m to 2,203 m, represented the technology...

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